Bikaneri breed of camel is one of the major camel breeds found in India. The breed derives its name from the city Bikaner which was established by Rao Bika in the 15th century and is known for better draught potential.
Bikaneri camels are predominantly bred in Bikaner and near by districts, such as Sriganganagar, Hanumangarh, Churu, Jhunjhunu, Sikar and Nagaur of Rajasthan and adjoining parts of Haryana and Punjab state. The breeding tract extends in east from 71°53’ to 78°15’ longitude and in north from 24°37’ to 30°30’ latitude. The home tract of this breed is arid and sandy with extreme hot and cold climates.
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The camels of Bikaneri breed are heavily built and are attractive with a noble look. It has good height, strong built and active habits. The colour of the coat varies from brown to black, however in some animals reddish tinge is also found. They have symmetrical body and slightly dome shaped head. The fore head has a well-marked depression (stop) above the eyes, which is characteristic of this breed. Nose is long and extends up to two third of the head. Some camels of this breed have a luxuriant growth of hair on their eyebrows, eyelids and ears, they are called ‘jheepra’. The chest pad is well developed and placed between angles of elbow. The shoulders are strong, broad and well set to chest. Neck is thick, fairly erect, with a marked curve giving a graceful carriage to the head. The udder is well developed in females.